Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
How to use sources
When using sources in your research, there are three ways in which to incorporate your sources into your work. You can SUMMARIZE, PARAPHRASE, or QUOTE your source. There are two places that you will use citation in an academic paper - The BODY of the paper and on the REFERENCES page.
Regardless of which citation style you use, you'll include in-text citations and a list of the sources you used.
- Establish the main points from the text
- Focus on key concepts, not subpoints or supporting details
- Comprehensive but concise (a 15-page article may be summarized in a paragraph or two)
- The purpose of the summary is to provide a preview of the material
- Differs from a summary
- Does not condense the material
- Includes MAIN POINTS and SUPPORTING DETAILS
- Paraphrase an important sentence or paragraph
- Translate an author's ideas, point for point, into your own words
- Shows that the writer understands his or her sources well enough to express them
Quoting presents another's writer's words to support your own ideas.
Four Major Purposes:
- To support your ideas
- To preserve special or elegant language
- To comment on the quotation
- To distance yourself from the quotation
Quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing from Purdue OWL