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ACADEMIC INTEGRITY: Avoiding Plagiarism

Honesty is the solid foundation of good academic work.

Tips to Avoid Plagiarism

Plagiarism can have very serious consequences, whether it is intentional or unintentional. You may fail the assignment or class, or even be suspended. At the very least, you have cheated and probably damaged your relationship with the instructor. Also, when you plagiarize during your professional career, you could lose your job and seriously damage your reputation.                                            


You can avoid plagiarism by:

  • understanding when to cite
  • documenting citation information while conducting research
  • sticking with a consistent citation style

The Plagiarism Spectrum

Turnitin provides a plagiarism Spectrum that identifies 10 types of plagiarism. Click here for handout.

#1 Clone

#2 Copy and Paste

#3 Find - Replace

#4 Remix

#5 Recycle

#6 Hybrid

#7 Mashup

#8 404 Error

#9 RSS Feed

#10 Re-tweet

How Faculty Can Minimize Plagiarism

Turnitin provides some strategies for faculty to minimize plagiarism. Click here to read the article.

Statute of Limitations - NOT!

"...there is no statute of limitation when it comes to investigating breaches of academic integrity. What you did in the past may come back to haunt you decades later."


Van Dorp, Nancy. "No Statute of Limitations on Plagiarism." Sheridan College. Turnitin. Retrieved October 23, 2019 from


Do NOT plagiarize

Bart Simpson writing "I will not plagiarize another's work" on a chalkboard

Citation Libguide

Students can click here to see the UA Cossatot Citation Libguide. Understanding citation and citing work properly can help eliminate plagiarism.

Video-Understanding Plagiarism

Why do Students Cheat?


Pressure is the most common reason students act dishonestly.  Situations include students feeling in danger of failing a course, financial pressure and fear of losing parental approval (Malgwi and Rakovski 14).

Opportunities to cheat also influence students to act dishonestly including friends sharing information, the ease of storing information on devices, and lack of supervision in the classroom (Malgwi and Rakovski 14).

Malgwi, Charles A., and Carter Rakovski. "Behavioral Implications of Evaluating Determinants of Academic    Fraud Risk Factors.Journal of Forensic & investigative Accounting, vol. 1, no. 2, 2009, pp. 1-37. (pdf file)