This section includes APA 7th ed. examples for citing author(s). We've included the majority of possibilities for sources that you might use in your research; however, there are likely some examples we're missing. If you don't find the example you need, please contact the ERC.
The ERC strives to simplify the citation process for students by organizing information in one handy guide. Use your source information to replace each piece in the sample and you will have a solid citation. We call that "mirroring."
Last name, initial of first name and middle name (if available), (year). Title of book (italicized). Publisher.
Mifflin, H. A. (2008). The journey to success: It's a long road home. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
List authors by last names and initials. Use commas to separate their names. After the first 19 authors’ names, use an ellipsis to represent the remaining authors’ names. End with the final author’s name, but do not place an ampersand before it. Make sure there are only twenty names listed in the citation.
Shakespeare, W., Christie, A., Steel, D., Robbins, H., Oda, E., Tellado, C., Koontz, D., Collins, J., Roberts, S., Pushkin, A., Tolstoy, L., Stine, R. L., Patten, G., Simenon, G., Blyton, E., Sheldon, S., Wallace, E., Archer, E., Patterson, J., . . . Berenstain, S.(2020). Writing in a world consumed with media: Adapting to the future. Journal of Brilliance, 120(9), 1210-2063. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2020-0507
Use the author’s name for all entries and list by the year in chronological order. List references lacking dates before references with dates.
Hess, F. (n.d.).
Hess, F. (1982).
Hess, F. (2001).
List authors by their last names and initials of first names. Use a comma to separate the authors’ names and use the ampersand (&) instead of spelling the word “and.”
Tuel, A., & Eltahir, E. A. B. (2021). Mechanisms of European summer drying under climate change. , (22), 8913–8931. https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0968.1
Corporations, government agencies, etc. also provide resources. Treat the publishing organization the same as an author and format the citation as normal. Provide the full name of the group in your references list. You can use abbreviations within the text. For entries in reference works like dictionaries and encyclopedias are also considered works with group authors.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (2022). Lead, 2022. In Toxic Substances Portal. U.S. Agencies and Departments. https://wwwn.cdc.gov/TSP/substances/ToxSubstance.aspx?toxid=22
When citing introductions, prefaces, forewords, and afterwords, cite the publishing information as though it were a book, but cite the appropriate title such as introductions, etc. as the chapter of the book.
Wilson, J. W. (2007). Preface. In Foltz, G., Smith, R., & Arnold, S. T. (Eds.), Leading the push to change (pp. 2-6). United Press.
List authors by last names and initials. Use commas to separate their names and include an ampersand before the last author name.
Jyoteeshkumar Reddy, P., Sriram, D., Gunthe, S. S., & Balaji, C. (2021). Impact of climate change on intense Bay of Bengal tropical cyclones of the post-monsoon season: a pseudo global warming approach. , (9/10), 2855–2879. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-020-05618-3
If there is not an author available, move the title of the work to the beginning of the references and follow with the date of publication. Do not use “Anonymous” unless the work is signed “Anonymous.”
Official Study Manual for the ATI TEAS. (Revised ed.). (2021). ATI Nursing.