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APA Style 7th edition: Other Non-print Sources

This guide covers stylistics of writing, formatting, and citing in APA Style 7th edition

Presentation at a Conference or Symposium

Some presentations are published after the initial presentation, but others don’t have a written component. For published presentations, follow the guidelines for citation as shown in “Other Print Sources.” Include a URL if it’s available online.

Presentation with an Online Source

Contributor, B. B., Contributor, A. A., Contributor, E. E., & Contributor, R. R. (Year, Month Day). Title of contribution [Description of contribution]. Title of Symposium/Conference, Location. URL

Dailey, C. (2020, April 23). OER in dual enrollment [Address]. SREB, Atlanta, GA.

Unpublished Works

When citing a dissertation or document that is not yet formally published, correctly classify it by describing the work and including that description in square brackets. List the date as the year in which the work was completed, even if it’s not the final version.

Presentation Without an Online Source

Contributor, C. C., Contributor, D. D., Contributor, E. E., & Contributor, F. F. (Year, Month Day). Title of contribution [Description of contribution]. Title of Symposium/Conference, Location.

Jackson, E. (2014, Dec. 6). Robotics: Is the terminator coming? [Conference session]. Robotics and Electronics Conference, Polytechnic University, Raleigh, NC, United States.

Individual Presentation in a Larger Symposium/ Panel

Contributor, B. B., Contributor, D. D., Contributor, E. E., & Contributor, R. R. (Year, Month Day). Title of contribution. In S. S. Chairperson & A. A. Chairperson (Chairs), Title of larger symposium/panel [Description of symposium/panel] Title of symposium/conference, Location. URL if available

Jones, C. A. (2022, June 12). Putting humanity back in humanities. In S. S. Allen (Chair), The lost morality in humanity: Arts and humanities. [Panel presentation] Bringing back the arts, Fargo, ND, United States.

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Interviews fall into three categories: published interviews, personal interviews, and research participant interviews. However, only published interviews require a formal citation in your reference list.

There are three different categories of interviews: Published, personal, and research participant. Published interviews are the only type that should be cited in your reference list.

A published interview is typically found in radio shows, newspapers, or magazines. Stick to the format for a particular reference type to cite a published interview (for instance, if the interview is on a podcast, cite the podcast).

A personal interview does not require a formal citation in your reference list. Cite a personal interview in-text only.

A research participant interview is conducted as part of your research project. You might address this in the body of your paper, saying something like, “To collect data for my research,  I interviewed twenty participants about their involvement with diversity groups." Cite a research participant interview in-text only.

Unpublished Manuscript

Mounts, S., Pai, M., & Tolleson, L. (2013). The effects of untreated diabetes in children [Unpublished manuscript]. Department of Biology, University of Arkansas.

Manuscript in Preparation

Hansen, A. (2012). The genocide in the making [Manuscript in preparation]. Department of Literature, Texas State University.

Manuscript Submitted for Publication

Smith, R. (2012). Paul Bunyan and his ox live [Manuscript submitted for publication]. Department of English, University of Alabama.